The society of respected film critics that hands out the annual Gawad Urian in cinematic excellence

Natatanging Gawad Urian kay ANITA LINDA

  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 278.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 278.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 355.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 355.
  • strict warning: Non-static method Pagination::getInstance() should not be called statically in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Only variables should be assigned by reference in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/pagination/pagination.module on line 313.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 842.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_validate() should be compatible with views_handler::options_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter::options_submit() should be compatible with views_handler::options_submit($form, &$form_state) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter.inc on line 589.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_many_to_one::init() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::init(&$view, $options) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/handlers/views_handler_filter_many_to_one.inc on line 104.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_handler_filter_term_node_tid::value_validate() should be compatible with views_handler_filter::value_validate($form, &$form_state) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/modules/taxonomy/views_handler_filter_term_node_tid.inc on line 303.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_validate() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_validate(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Declaration of views_plugin_row::options_submit() should be compatible with views_plugin::options_submit(&$form, &$form_state) in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/plugins/views_plugin_row.inc on line 135.
  • strict warning: Non-static method view::load() should not be called statically in /home/manunuri/public_html/sites/all/modules/views/views.module on line 842.

Ang aktres kapag kasibulan at nasa tuktok ng kasikatan ay malamang na kumilos na parang prima donnang dapat intindihin at patawarin sa kanyang problema mula sa sakit ng ngipin hanggang sa sakit ng puso at bulsa. Inaakala niyang may utang na loob sa kanya ang mundo kaya wala siyang pakialam sa iba. Kung magkaidad at hindi pa gaanong sikat, hindi niya matatanggap ang pasiya ng panahon. At siya’y magtatampo-magagalit sa mundo o kaya’y maaawa sa sarili.

Hindi ganito ang kaso ni Anita Linda (Alice Lake sa tunay na buhay), ang aktres na kinilala at hinangaan mula 1947 hanggang 1958. Ang magandang aktres na may kakayahan sa pag-arte ay nagbalik noong dekada 1970 – walang star complex mahusay pa rin at lalong propesyunal sa kanyang pananaw sa industriya.

Para sa kanya, ang mga taong kasangkot sa pelikula ay dapat lamang magmalasakit sa industriya at sa isa’t isa. Ayaw niya ng artistang nambibitin ng syuting; ng di mainam na trato sa crew at ekstra; ng kulang at di hustong bayad sa serbisyo ng kapwa manggagawa sa pelikula. Ang ganitong pananaw ay hindi sinasadyang nakaaapekto (pumatay at bumuhay) sa kanyang karera bilang artista.

Noong 1952, tumanggap siya ng kauna-unahang best actress award buhat sa Maria Clara Award dahil sa kanyang pagganap sa pelikulang Sisa. Siya rin ang pangunahing artistang babae ng Premiere Productions noon ng mwgwelga ang crew ng kumpanya. Luha sa Langit ang ginagawa nilang pelikula. Si Anita ay makiling sa maliliit kaya pumayag siya at si Patria Plata na maging tagapamagitan ng mga welgistang pinamumunuan ni Casimiro Padilla, isang sound man. Ipinaabot ng dalawa ang hinaing ng mga manggagawa kay Gng. Santiago. Hindi iyon minabuti ng huli. Nakagalitan ang dalawa at nilutas ang problema ng marapatin ng mga Santiago na isara ang kumpanya. Natapos din ang kontrata ni Anita Linda.

Hindi pa uso noon ang freelancing. Mahirap mabuhay ang isang artistang walang nag-aalagang kumpanya. Inaakala noong lulubog na ang sikat na aktres. Inihanda na rin ni Anita ang sarili. Kung sakali, mag-aalaga na lang siya ng baboy at manok sa kanyang lote sa Pugad Baboy, Bulacan. Pero sinubok pa rin ni Anita na lapitan si Dr. Perez ng Sampaguita Pictures, tutal nama’y may alok ito dati sa kanya na gumanap sa Tres Musketeras, danga’t hindi siya pinayagan ni Gng. Santiago.

“I’ll let you know soon if there is a good role for you,” ang pangakong binitawan ni Dr. Perez. Hindi na rin siya lumapit sa pamunuan ng LVN. Nagpalipat-lipat na lamang siya sa mga di-gaanong matatag na kumpanya hanggang maisipan niyang pansamantalang mamahinga.

Lumakad ang panahon. Nauso ang pelikulang “bomba.” Lumitaw ang ibang pangalan. Ang artista ng dekada ’50 at ’60 ay niluma ng mga “bumbera.” Pero ang artista ay artista kahit parang wala nang lugar para sa kanya sa pelikula. Totoong hindi na siya bata, pero alangan pa ring lumabas siyang ina nina Susan Roces at Amalia Fuentes. At lalo naming hindi siya lalabas sa pelikulang bomba. Sa telebisyon muna siya nagpunta. Sa Balintataw ni Lupita Concio niya nakapalagayang-loob ang mga papasibol na batang direktor: Lino Brocka, Mario O’ Hara, Elwood Perez at Joey Gosiengfiao. (Ang mga ito’y ilan lamang sa mga may paborito kay Anita.) sa paglabas ng mga young stars noong dekada ’70, maaari nang maging ina si Anita kung ang magiging anak ay sina Nora Aunor o Vilma Santos.

At lumakad pa ulit ang panahon. Ang mga pelikulang musikal ng “young stars” ay nakabangga ng trianggulo-ng-pag-ibig ni Eddie Rodriguez, aksiyon ni Fernando Poe, Jr., komedi ni Dolphy at iba pang pinaghalu-halong genre, hanggang ang mga young stars ay nagging mga seryosong artista na rin. Nagbagu-bago lamang ang uso, pero hindi naiwan si Anita. Nagging martir na ina siya, masungit na ina, bungangerang ina o kahit kenkoy na ina, pero mahusay gumanap kahit sa mga papel na masasabing ordinaryo at gasgas. Madali sa kanya ang pagbuhay sa iba’t-ibang tauhan. Naiintindihan niya ang mga ito dahil sa sarili niyang karanasan. Alam niya kung paano magmahal at masaktan, sumaya at mabigo, tumaas at bumaba. Nadama niya ang sakit ng mamatayan ng unang sanggol noong panahon ng Hapon, ang mapabayaan ng asawa, ang maging saksi sa pagpaslang sa kapatid na kompidante, at ang mamuhay na halos nag-iisa. Ang lahat ng iyon ay naganap sa panahong siya’y nabubuhay bilang isang reyna. Ang hamon sa kanyang buhay ay sinasagot niya sa pamamagitan ng mahusay na pagganap. “Siguro’y ito lamang ang alam ko. Mahal ko ang aking propesyon.”

Sapagkat siya’y versatile, muli at muling natataya ang kanyang kakayahan sa pagganap. Bukod sa kanyang Maria Clara Award, mayroon na rin siyang tropeo ng pagkilala bilang pinakamahusay na katulong na bituin buhat sa FAMAS noong 1974, sa kanyang pagganap sa Hello Soldier, isang episodyo sa Tatlo, Dalawa, Isa. Tumanggap na rin siya ng pagkilala buhat sa PATAS. Madalas din siyang maging nominee sa mga institusyon na nagpapahalaga sa mahusay na pagganap.

Bilang pagkilala sa mga nagging kontribusyon ni Anita Linda sa ikauunlad ng Industriya ng Pelikulang Pilipino, sa kanyang propesyunalismo, kahusayan-sa-pagganap, tiyaga at pagmamalasakit sa pelikulang Pilipino, ipinagkakaloob sa kanya ng Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino ang Ika-anim ng Natatanging Gawad Urian.

At the peak of her career, an actress more often than not acts like a primadonna, expecting everyone to commiserate with all her problems, from simple toothaches to crises of the heart and the pocketbook. She imagines that the world is indebted to her and she can afford to ignore everyone around her. As she ages and falls from fame, she either sulks like a child or hates the world or buries herself in self-pity. This was not the case with Anita Linda (Alice Lake in real life), an actress who rose to fame and was admired from 1947 to 1958. When she came back to the movies in the 1970's, her acting prowess had not tarnished, she projected no star complex, but instead had become even more professional in her attitudes towards the industry. For her, people in film should be absolutely dedicated both to the industry and to each other. She does not like stars who disrupt shooting schedules. She hates it when crewmen and extras are treated like menials, or when fellow workers in the industry are not justly compensated for their work. And she does not care if these views affect her own career, negatively or positively.

In 1952, she had just received the Maria Clara best actress award for her performance in Sisa and was reigning as top actress of Premiere Productions, when the company's crewmen went on strike. Luha sa Langit was being filmed then. Anita believed in the cause of the workers, so she and Patria Plata agreed to mediate for the workers who were led by Casimiro Padilla, a sound man. They presented the workers' complaints to Mrs. Santiago. The latter did not welcome the complaints. The two actresses were reprimanded, and the problem was solved when the company was closed down. Anita Linda's contract was dissolved as well.

Free-lancing was not permitted then. It was difficult for an actress to survive outside a mother company. People began to surmise that the actress' career was doomed. Anita prepared herself for the crash. If it should come, she was going to open a livestock farm in her lot in Pugad Baboy, Bulacan. Nevertheless, she approached Dr. Perez of Sampaguita Pictures. The latter had previously offered her a role in Tres Musketeras, which she could not accept because Mrs. Santiago did not allow her to. "I'll let you know soon, if there is a good role for you," was Dr. Perez's promise. Because of that answer, Anita gave up on LVN as well. She then went from one unstable company to the other, until she decided to rest awhile.

Time passed, Bomba pictures became popular. New names came up. Actresses of the 1950's and 60's were upstaged by the "bomberas." But an actress remains an actress, even if it seems that there is no more place for her in the industry. For she was at a very "awkward" stage in life. She was no longer young, but she couldn't play mother to Susan Roces or Amalia Fuentes either. Bomba pictures were out of the question.

So to television she went. It was in Lupita Concio's Balintataw that she first got to know young budding directors, like Lino Brocka, Mario O'Hara, Elwood Perez and Joey Gosiengfiao (these are only some of the directors who respected Anita). With the new generation of "young stars" of the 1970's, Anita came back to the movies as mother to Nora Aunor or Vilma Santos.

More time passed. The musicals of these young stars competed with the love-triangles of Eddie Rodriguez, the action movies of Fernando Poe, Jr., the comedies of Dolphy and other mixed film genres, until the young stars themselves turned into serious actors. Modes changed, but Anita stayed on. She played all kinds of mothers - the martyr, the bitch, the nagger, the swinger. But whatever role she was playing, no matter how small and stereotyped it was, she played it well.

But then giving life to these characters came easy for her, for she could draw from a wealth of personal experiences to understand these characters. She had known love and the hurts that came with it; joy and disappointment, like success and failure, were no strangers to her. She knew the pain of losing a first-born during the Japanese Occupation years, of being neglected by a husband, of seeing her confidante-sister killed before her eyes, and of being alone. All these happened when she reigned as movie queen. Whatever problem she had in life, she learned to resolve by pouring herself into her many roles. "Perhaps this is all I can do. I love my profession." Because of her versatility, her acting prowess is constantly put to the test, and often adjudged excellent. Aside from winning the Maria Clara Award, she has received the FAMAS Best Supporting Actress trophy in 1974, for her performance in Hello Soldier, one of three episodes in Brocka's Tatlo, Dalawa, Isa. She has been recognized as an outstanding actress by the PATAS as well, and has received a string of nominations from groups interested in quality performances.

For her contributions to the development of the Filipino film industry, for her professionalism, versatility, patience and perseverance, which have earned for her the respect of her colleagues in that industry, the Manunuri ng Pelikulang Pilipino awards her its sixth Natatanging Gawad Urian.